【Cyberattack Warning】 Lemon_Duck PowerShell malware cryptojacks enterprise networks

Subject: Lemon_Duck PowerShell malware cryptojacks enterprise networks

  • Description:
    •  TWCERT received cyber intelligence, hacker using Lemon_Duck PowerShell compromise through EternalBlue SMB exploitation. Avoiding the security mechanism, hack in the terminal system then spread and run the malware, it will brute-force attack the MS-SQL service or deploy pass-the-hash attack.
    • The propagation method are listed below:
      1. EternalBlue: Compromise through SMB exploitation
      2. USB & Network Drives: The script writes malicious Windows *.lnk shortcut files & malicious DLL files to removable storage connected to infected machines, and to mapped network drives (CVE-2017-8464)
      3. Startup files: The script writes files to startup locations on the Windows filesystem (such as the Start Menu’s Startup folder) to execute during reboot
      4. MS-SQL Server brute-forcing – The script tries a variety of (really bad) passwords that might be used by the SQL Server “SA” user account.
      5. Pass the Hash attack – Leverages the NTLM hashes from the table shown above.
      6. Execution of malicious commands on remote machines using WMI.
      7. RDP Bruteforcing
    • Source of attack come from:
      • Potential C2:
      • Potential Brute Force:
        113.140.80[.]197 - Port Scanning/Brute force (CN)
        120.253.228[.]35 - Port Scanning/Brute force port 3389 (CN)
        112.133.236[.]187 - Brute Force port 445 (India)
        58.62.125[.]245 - Brute Force port 445/Port Scanning (CN)
      • Potential Scanning:
        58.221.24[.]178 - Port Scanning (CN)
        221.4.152[.]250 - Port Scanning port 1433 (CN)
        182.140.217[.]226 - Port scanning (CN)
        1.202.15[.]246 - Port scanning port 3389 (CN)
    • Additionally the following are potential host indicators:
      • Scheduled task named Rtsa
      • Listening port of 65529
      • Service with a randomly generated name
      • Mutexes within PowerShell called LocalIf and LocalMn
  • Impact platform: All Windows versions
  • Recommended practices:
    1. Install the Windows SMB security update.
    2. Disable the SMBv1 protocol.
    3. Use strong passwords.
    4. Install the Windows CVE-2017-8464 vulnerability related security update.
    5. Suggested to block those listed IPs above.

Network System Division
Computer and Communication Center